Skip to main content

I hadn’t heard the term creative nonfiction until I wrote Camel Spit & Cork Trees, an account of a year of Slow Travel through Portugal. I came across it after researching how to deal with the potential minefield that can be writing about real people. I’ve been a travel writer for 16 years so writing about true events is nothing new. Writing a travelogue though has been a quite different experience, with differing rules. I’ve never heard any of my peers use the term ‘creative nonfiction’ in connection with writing travel articles for magazines, newspapers, and websites, or in guidebooks.

This definition from made a lot of sense: –


“Creative nonfiction is a genre of nonfiction writing that incorporates different creative writing techniques and literary styles to convey truthful, non-fictional narratives. Creative nonfiction writing tends to emphasize story and tone over more traditional subgenres of nonfiction.”

Travelogues are more like a fiction novel in tone and style than many other nonfiction books. But, and this is a hugely important but, content should be factually accurate.

The more I delved into articles about creative nonfiction, the more a can of worms peeled its unsavoury lid back. Not everybody apparently stuck to keeping things ‘factually accurate’. Some writers argued that ‘creating’ incidents, and even characters, was fair game as long as they were in keeping with the spirit of the memoir. This rocked and shocked me. Maybe I’m naive, but I’ve always assumed travel memoirs were just that, memoirs; not a mostly factual account peppered with fictional incidents. It made me wonder about some of the travelogues I’ve read over the years. Surely those colourful experiences that had inspired me to not only travel, but to live in other countries were real ones?
I like to believe so. Our experience of living in another country has been that there have been so many interesting, amusing, bizarre situations there’s no requirement to fabricate any. The truth can be stranger/funnier than fiction anyway.

The whole concept of creative nonfiction being abused gave me much to ponder about, and then I stumbled across an account of something I had actually experienced first hand. The account occupied something of a middle ground between out and out fact and, let’s say, fiction. In general it was true, although many of the details weren’t; there were definitely ‘composed’ additions. Some of the characters involved didn’t match the reality. I couldn’t quite fathom the reason for this as there wasn’t anything negative or defamatory.

Having just been researching creative nonfiction it proved a fascinating case study which gave me much to ponder.


  • Q) Did the account portray the incident inaccurately?
    A) In general, no it didn’t. The events in the account happened, just not quite in the way they were recounted.
  • Q) Were the characters involved real?
    A) Some were, some weren’t.
  • Q) Did the fact some aspects of characters were ‘constructed’ impact on the overall accuracy?
    A) Yes, in a way. It completely changed the tone, the feel of the scene in which the incident took place. In that respect it didn’t accurately represent the reality.

But in the end it wasn’t fabricated.

However, I felt it had crossed a line from being an accurate account into one which had too many elements of fabrication which were designed, I can only assume, for greater impact.

Food for thought. But it’s not an interpretation of creative nonfiction I’m comfortable with.


Hi 👋, if you've enjoyed reading articles on my site...

Simply leave your email address to receive my latest news, book information, stories, Slow Travel hints & tips, poems, offers, & thoughts on professional writing in your inbox, every month.

We don’t spam! Read our privacy policy for more info.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Close Menu

Welcome to my Canvas

Some of the items on this site won’t be to everyone’s liking, I get that. Basically this is my place, my wee studio to mess around in – experimenting with words and thoughts. I’ll be chuffed if you enjoy it, but if you don’t, c’est la vie. As a friend used to tell me “it would be a boring life if we all thought the same.”

Jack Montgomery
A wine press,
On a farm at the end of the dirt track,
The Setúbal Peninsula,